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  • Articles, Health, Woman's History

    Important Women in the Field of Mental Health

    May has just ended, and is mental health awareness month, which is why I want to celebrate the achievements of some of the many women who have made significant advancements in the field of mental health. Before we can get into that, here are some important mental health resources:

    Free online counseling:
    Birmingham Crisis Center Teen Hotline (call or text the following number): 205 328 5465

    Here are some of the most important ladies that have made some lasting impressions on the field of mental health.

    Dorothea Dix (1802-1887)
    Dix was an important activist on behalf of the mentally ill in the US. She helped establish the first generation of American mental asylums through a rigorous process of lobbying. Additionally, she helped change people’s perception of the mentally ill as being more human than animal in the US and in Europe.

    Eve Johnstone (1943- present)
    Johnstone has contributed a hefty amount of research to the clinical study of schizophrenia. She is most famous for her 1973 study that shows the differences in the brains of schizophrenic patients vs the control group. Additionally, she has written a total of 6 books on the topic of schizophrenia.

    Melanie Klein (1882-1960)
    Klein was a psychoanalyst that contributed knowledge and techniques that influenced child psychology and therapy. She thought that children’s play was their primary way of emotional communication, and attempted to decipher the specific meaning of child’s play.

    Elisabeth Kubler-Ross (1926-2004)
    Kubler-Ross was a pioneer in near death studies. Near death studies is a field of psychology and psychiatry that studies the after effects of near death experiences on individuals. She innovated the 5 stages of grief, which is known as the Kubler-Ross model. Her book On Death and Dying came out in 1969, and was groundbreaking for the time period.

    Sula Wolff (1924-2009)
    Wolff worked as a child psychiatrist in Britain with children who were mostly socially withdrawn and reclusive. She is the author of 2 different books on the topic of child psychology. Additionally, she was the first person to receive a grant from the Medical Research Council Grant to study child psychiatry. Her work emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.

    Wolff also understood and pushed the importance of talking to and addressing children in a non stigmatizing way. In the end, her work became used as the basis for a lot of research being done today on Aspergers and autism.


  • Articles, Portfolio

    5 Bad Ass Women in Military History

    5 Bad Ass Women in Military History

    by Jana Brown

    This was originally posted in May, we are re-posting in honor of Veteran’s Day.

    It’s May, which means it’s military appreciation month. In honor of some of the many kick ass women that have served in armed forces across the globe, here is a brief overview of some of their names and accomplishments.

    Cathy Williams
    Cathy Williams illegally enlisted in the US military as a man using the name William Cathay. The year was 1866, and she was the first African American woman to enlist. Williams was born a slave, and ended up joining the military after the American Civil war ended and she was freed.

    Unfortunately, shortly after joining the military she contracted smallpox, and was discovered to be a woman while she was receiving treatment for the illness. Thankfully, her doctor didn’t out her as a woman and she was discharged due to disability.

    Buffalo Calf Road Woman
    Buffalo Calf Road Woman, or Brave Woman was a Cheyenne Native American who was said to have knocked Colonel Custer off of his horse before he died in the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

    During the Battle of the Rosebud, she saved her wounded brother on the battlefield. Her actions inspired and rallied the Cheyenne warriors after they began to retreat, and in turn the Cheyenne defeated General George Crook and his forces.

    Annie Fox
    During WWII, Annie Fox was the first woman to receive the Purple Heart. She was the head nurse at a hospital in Pearl Harbor during the attack.

    Instead of ceasing operations during the attack, she continued to command her nurses and staff, and performed her medical duties even during heavy bombardment. Army reports say that she worked effectively and maintained a level head throughout the duration of the attack.

    Juana Azurduy de Padilla
    Azurduy was a leader of the military during Bolivia’s struggle for independence from Peru during the 1820’s and 1830’s. As a skilled military strategist, she commanded the army on several different occasions and even organized the Leal Battalion. The Leal Battalion took part in the Battle of Ayohuma which resulted in the retreat of Argentine troops from Alto Peru.

    She was so hardcore that she led and fought all throughout her pregnancy. During a fight she excused her pregnant self to give birth on a river bank before almost immediately jumping back into action.

    Joan of Arc
    You’ve probably heard of Joan of Arc, she’s pretty famous. She is considered to be a French hero for her actions during the Hundred Years War and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.

    Joan said that she received visions from Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria telling her to assist Charles VII in overcoming the British domination during that time period.

    Charles VII (who was not yet technically king) sent her on a relief mission to the Siege of Orleans, which was then lifted nine days after her arrival. Her being there during several different battles inspired the French army to take her advice and follow her orders since her words were thought to carry divine power. She was considered to be a brilliant war strategist despite being so young; take into account that she was only 19 when she was burned at the stake after undergoing British trial.

    Please note that you can find the sources I used to research this article by clicking the links below:


    >here for the information on Buffalo Calf Road:

    >click here for more info on Joan of Arc and Juana Azurduy de Padilla:

    >More info on Joan of Arc:

  • Movie, Movies

    Best Media With Rewarding Friendships Between Women

    Movies and TV shows and video games that emphasize friendships between women have always held a special place in my heart. Seeing a healthy and realistic representation of friendship between women can be extremely validating, so without further ado, here are the best movies and TV shows and video games that feature friendships between women.

    I’ll be including ratings next to each piece of media listed, so keep in mind the rating before you begin watching.

    Additionally, check out the website Does The Dog Die if need be. It will tell you anything about a piece of media that some might find upsetting, like if the dog dies or not. If you have any trepidation about any of the following movies, TV shows, or video games, then I suggest you run the title through this website. Find the link here:

    Clueless (PG-13)
    If you haven’t seen this extremely quotable movie, then what are you doing? It’s a classic. One of the best things about this movie is the friendship between Ty, Cher, and Deon.

    Pitch Perfect (PG-13)
    Like Clueless, this is another fun chick flick with sharp witty dialogue.

    Fried Green Tomatoes (PG-13)
    This movie focuses on two different pairs of friends, and revolves around a murder. It’s a touching movie that everyone should watch in their lifetime.

    Hidden Figures (PG)
    This is the story of African American women mathematicians who worked at NASA during the space race. Their friendship and achievements are inspiring, do yourself a favor and watch this movie if you haven’t already.

    Uptown Girls (PG-13)
    This movie is a bit of a tear jerker, but the odd friendship between the two female leads works because of how unlikely the pairing is.

    Juno (PG-13)
    The friendship between Juno and her friend is really special, especially since her friend is so supportive and caring towards Juno during her pregnancy.

    Mean Girls (PG-13)

    Orphan Black (TV-MA)
    This fun science fiction series is about clones, and thusly one actress plays upwards of ten different characters. We get to see how the friendship between these women grows into something special. Keep in mind that this show is rated TV-MA for a reason, so keep that in mind before you watch it.

    Parks and Rec (TV-PG)
    Leslie and Anne’s friendship in this show is great because their relationship is allowed to have its ups and downs. Plus, who wouldn’t want to celebrate “Galentine’s Day” every year with their female friends?

    Orange is the New Black (TV-MA)
    The friendship between Poussey and Taystee is really well developed in my opinion. The fact that they became friends in prison out of necessity of company is extremely moving. Keep in mind the show does have a TV-MA rating for a reason.

    Life is Strange (M)
    This game brings front and center the friendship of high schoolers Max and Chloe in a murder mystery. Keep in mind that the game has an M for mature rating for a reason.

    The Last of Us (M)
    Ellie and Riley’s friendship one of the best things about this game, and that’s saying a lot for such a well designed game. Making friends is tough, but making friends in the zombie apocalypse is even harder. Keep in mind that this game is grueling and at times extremely violent. It certainly warrants its M rating.

  • Articles, School, work

    How To Spruce Up Your High School Resume

    How To Spruce Up Your High School Resume

    In high school, my resume was kind of rough. What little information I had on it wasn’t very well formatted, which is why I am going to explore some ways you can make your high school resume more appealing. Keep in mind that there are a ton of different resume templates that you can find for free online, so if you haven’t started building one yet, those free templates are a good starting point.

    Valid Resume Items That You Might Not Know To Include
    There are certain things that you should be putting on your resume if it needs a little fluff. Some of these things include:

    -baby sitting/ pet sitting
    -errand services/ running errands
    -relevant coursework to what you are applying for

    Join / Start A Club
    If none of the above activities apply to you, then I would suggest joining or creating a club. Creating and then maintaining your own club would be a very impressive accomplishment for a high schooler, so keep that in mind.

    Another way to beef up your resume would be by volunteering as much as possible. Make it your thing to volunteer at your local animal shelter on the weekends, or anywhere that contributes to a cause you’re passionate about. This demonstrates community involvement and contribution, which reflects positively on your character.

    Part Time Job
    If you can balance a part time job and school work, then that’s great. Colleges and employers like knowing that you have good work ethic and time management skills.

    No, internships aren’t just for college students. Participating in a summer internship in high school will make you seem very mature and focused.

    Learn A New Skill
    This can be anything that you can learn at home that would look good on a resume, like learning a computer coding language on Khan Academy, or getting a certification from Google Analytics. Both are free resources just waiting to teach you highly sought after skills.

    But let’s say that coding isn’t your thing. There are a ton of free online learning resources for a wide variety of skills. One example is iTunes U, which offers free courses on a whole bunch of subjects.

    Click here for a link to Khan Academy:
    Click here for a link to Google Analytics:
    Click here for a link to iTunes U:

    OK, But What About Formatting?
    Formatting is really really important if you want your resume to look professional. Make sure that you fit everything onto one page. Put a header at the beginning of the document with your bolded name slightly bigger than everything else. You want to ensure that each subheading is bolded and slightly bigger than the information underneath it.

    For examples of different resume templates, click here:

  • Technology, Tips

    Best Personal Safety Apps

    Best Personal Safety Apps

    It can be pretty scary if you find yourself alone late at night trying to find your way home or to your car. Thankfully, a whole genre of apps designed to protect its users exist for that very reason. These apps will help you feel safe walking to your car late at night, or during a midnight run to Starbucks, or whenever!

    Circle of 6
    This is a cool app that allows you to input 6 phone numbers that you can easily call or text specific messages to, including your GPS coordinates and the info that you need to be picked up. Or you could send out a message to your six that you need someone to call or text and act as your distraction. It also comes with resources for various topics like domestic abuse or LGBT+ hotlines.

    Check out the app here:

    Watch Over Me
    This app is a lot more streamlined and simple that some of the other apps on this list. You don’t even have to unlock your phone to use it. All you need to do is shake your phone, and it sends an alert to your emergency contacts AND starts using your phone to record the encounter.

    Check out the app here:

    This one allows you to alert the police by the simple push of a button. After you press the button, you have the option of in putting a four digit code. If you input the code, the police will not be alerted. If you DON’T input the code within 30 seconds, the police will be alerted. It’s fairly simple, and I like how the developers of the app utilized the aforementioned fail safe function.

    Check out the app here:

    This incredible app has so many different functions, and it probably one of the better apps on this list. Here is a short list of some of its many features and uses:

    -get a fake call to allow you to get out of threatening situations or conversations
    -send your exact location out to certain preselected numbers to they can know where to pick you up
    -your friends can get alerts about where you are using GPS, and will get alerted once you get home
    -set a timer that will go off on your friends mobile devices if you have not contacted them within a certain time
    -you can activate an SOS button that send your location out to preselected numbers and your device will start recording audio and video in real time so they can see what is happening

    These are just some of the app’s many functions, so be sure to check out all of them on the app’s website:

    This app is a little different from the other ones on the list, and has a very interesting concept. Presence allows you to convert your old unused mobile devices, tablets, or iPods into home security devices. It alerts you if it detects motion in your house. An added bonus is you can set it up so that your family gets these alerts as well.

    Learn more and download Presence here:

    No, Using a Personal Safety App Doesn’t Make You Paranoid

    7 essential apps that will help keep you safe at night

  • Technology, Tips

    Best Ad block Services / Apps

    Who actually likes having to look at ads on the internet? Probably nobody. This article will talk about some of the best adblock services and apps that will greatly reduce the amount of advertisements that you will encounter on your laptop/ cellphone/ tablet/ ect.

    Adblock Plus-
    This open source program eliminates banners, pop ups, and a bunch of other stuff you don’t want to see. Another interesting feature is that it doesn’t block “non intrusive ads”, so that you can support websites you enjoy. It works for all sorts of browsers and platforms like Android, Chrome, FireFox, Internet Explorer, and Safari. Best of all, it’s free!

    Adblocker Ultimate-
    This program is a little more strict about blocking ads than Adblock Plus since Adblocker Ultimate attempts to remove all ads, even the ones that support the websites you visit. It works for Chrome, FireFox, Opera, Internet Explorer, and Safari.

    Brave doesn’t depend on extensions to block ads, and it is very simple to download and use. It has a bunch of different settings to play around with so that you can really customize your ad blocking experience. Interestingly enough, it is its own browser, meaning you will have to switch which browser you use to Brave’s. If you are willing to make the switch, this can be a highly efficient and streamlined program.

    This app is for iOS products only, and has plenty of awards under its belt. This highly efficient app is very customizable and useful for your everyday browsing.

    HTTPS Everywhere-
    This is an extension that you can download and use for Chrome, FireFox, and Opera. It encrypts your communication with major websites, and is very easy to use.

    This program allows you to select the free basic version, or pay more to get more features. The free version works for Chrome, FireFox, Opera, and Safari. Essentially, Disconnect works by letting you visualize and block the websites that track you.

    Ghostery works for Chrome, FireFox, Opera, and Safari by allowing you to regulate what ads you get and by maximizing your browser’s efficiency.

    This one allows you to filter which websites you want to block ads for, so it does take some time and customization to get working. It works for FireFox, Chrome, and Opera.

    This one is easily the most popular and probably most used ad block service on this list. You can pay to support the folks that made the program, or not. It’s up to you. Works for Chrome, Safari, Internet Explorer, Opera, and FireFox.

    Like a lot of these programs/ services, AdGuard has free versions and versions that you pay for. Can be used on iOS or Android.


  • School

    A Feminist’s Guide To Buying Clothing Ethically

    If you’re a member of GirlSpring then chances are you identify as a feminist, which is great! What’s fun about that is wearing clothing that shows your passion for women’s liberation. But as a feminist, it’s majorly important to buy from clothing brands that don’t use exploited worker labor. How would you feel if you bought a shirt with the phrase, “This is what a feminist looks like” only to later discover that it came from a sweatshop that employed underpaid and overworked women? This isn’t a random example by the way, something like this already happened. Read more here:

    Does this mean that you should avoid buying feminist apparel altogether, or more generally clothing from any brand? Of course not. It just means you should buy from brands that you know don’t use exploited worker labor. You should also try to expand that to all of your buying habits including the food you eat to ensure that you are always using your money wisely. That can also include doing necessary research to find out if you are buying from places that use exploited worker labor, which most people can agree is bad. So without further ado, here are the best places to buy feminist clothing that don’t use exploited worker labor.

    GreenBox Shop
    This clothing company is responsible for a design you might have seen before, the, “Why be racist, sexist, homophobic, or transphobic when you could just be quiet?” shirt is gaining popularity. The website describes the company as a social justice apparel company that is completely fair trade.

    Check out their stuff here:

    Aurora Lady
    This clothing company puts out clothing made by the same person, the woman who founded the company. Her work reflects her passion for social justice, and I’d highly recommend you check out her Etsy shop and her website’s shop. Even if you don’t want to buy any feminist clothing, you should check out her website for the incredible visuals alone.

    Check out her website’s clothing store:
    Check out her Etsy shop:

    Feminist Apparel
    This shop is actually pretty well known. It supposedly is 100% ethical and fair trade, and had a bunch of different clothing options to choose from.

    Check their website out here:

    This brand emphasizes messages of intersectional feminism, which is awesome. One of their shirts talks about the wage gap in a way that is very interesting and depends upon the race of the person making the purchase. What that means is that when buying the shirt, you must pick your race which then changes the amount on the shirt. For example, the white/ asian options says, “You owe me 21 cents” while the black option says, “You owe me 36 cents.” Basically, it accounts for the way in which the wage gap is racial instead of just being about gender.

    Check out their website here:

    My Sister
    The slogan for this brand is this, “feminists who are tired of exploitation”, and they do their best to donate to organizations aimed at helping women and girls around the world. Part of their earnings go to programs designed to give more opportunities to victims of sex trafficking, which is a very noble cause to support.

    Check out their website here:

    Please note I found out about these brands from these articles:

    Ethical Alternatives to Mainstream Feminism Apparel ft. GreenBoxShop and More

    5 Feminist Fashion Brands With Awesome Ethics